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History
  • Overview / Virture Tour
  • Interior of the Building
  • Exterior of the Building
OverView Photo
The first Supreme Court building was constructed in 1928 on a 24,000 square meter site at 37 Seosomun-dong, Jung-gu, Seoul. The total building area was approximately 10,300 square meters. To meet the expanding organization both in size and the number of employees, the Court's first and second annex buildings, measuring 1,400 square meters and 3,200 square meters each, were added in 1957 and 1968, respectively.
The Supreme Court moved to its current building situated at 217 Seocho-ro, Seocho-gu, Seoul in 1995, which was the year marking the centennial anniversary of the establishment of the modern judiciary system in Korea. The construction of the building began on November 29, 1991 and was completed on September 23, 1995. The opening ceremony for the building took place on December 1, 1995. The building stands on an area of 57,700 square meters with an approximate total space of 66,500 square meters and consists of 16 floors and two underground floors.
The current building is divided into four sections: the Main Center, East and West Wings and Courtrooms. The Main Center is mostly occupied by the Supreme Court, East Wing by the National Court Administration and West Wing by the Supreme Court Library and other welfare facilities.
Auditorium
Auditorium
The auditorium seats 660 persons and is used for events such as the opening of the year ceremony, academic symposiums, movie presentations and others. During a Supreme Court tour, the visitors can view the Supreme Court introductory DVD inside the auditorium.
The Historical Exhibition Room
The exhibition room is located on the first floor of the Supreme Court building with a size of 138 square meters. The main theme of the exhibition room is 100 Years and the Future of the Judiciary. The room exhibits historical documents, books, judicial robes, and other items of the Judiciary. Also, visual films are shown in the room.
The room displays the portraits of successive Chief Justices. Also displayed are articles of the late judge KIM Hong-sup (1915-1965), who is deeply respected for his modest life and deep affection toward the people.
The Courtrooms
The Grand Courtroom
This is where the Grand Bench is convened. The Grand Courtroom has a capacity of 310 persons. The Grand Bench has extra seats at each end reserved for additional Justices after the unification of the Korean peninsula.
The Petty Courtrooms
In the Supreme Court there are two Petty Courtrooms, which are occupied by Petty Benches each composed of four Justices. There are 140 seats for the public. Petty bench trials are convened every two weeks. The decisions at the Petty Bench must be made unanimously; otherwise, the case is referred to the Grand Bench.
Paintings displayed on the Main Entrance Hall
Paintings displayed on the Main Entrance Hall
On the west and the east wall of the main entrance, oil paintings on bronze are displayed. The painting on the east wall represents the dawn, sunrise, hopes, plans and dreams. The main color is blue, which symbolizes the east of the orient. The painting on the west wall visualizes a trial of justice and is expressed in white.
Bust of the First Chief Justice
Bust of the First Chief Justice
The late first Chief Justice, KIM Byong-ro was born as the only son among three siblings, in Sunchang, Jeonbuk, in 1887. He was appointed as a judge in 1919, and served as a lawyer from 1920. He defended more than 100 cases related to anti-Japanese colonialism. In August 1948, he was appointed as the first Chief Justice of Korea and served until December 1957. He passed away in January 1964 at the age of 77.
The late Chief Justice Kim is one of the most respected legal professionals in Korea for his honesty, strength and fortitude. His righteous and firm attitude became the motivating forces toward defending judicial independence and authority from external pressures.
The Goddess of Justice
The Goddess of Justice
The Goddess of Justice representing law and justice may be considered as a western concept. However, this work of art is unique in that it portrays Korean features. As for its physical appearances, its face expresses gracefulness of a Korean woman and is dressed in a Korean traditional costume. The significant feature of this statue is that a scale of justice is held by one hand and the code of laws by the other instead of a sword.
Art Work displayed on the Exhibition Room
Art Work displayed on the Exhibition Room
Titled Freedom·Equality·Justice, this bronze piece measures 800cm in width and 340cm in length. The theme of this embossed carving is Goddess of Justice with the crowd, symbolizing that as law and justice are inseparable from human lives, freedom, equality and justice should be accomplished within close reach of the public.
Word Engravings above the Main Entrance Arc
Word Engravings above the Main Entrance Arc
The words Freedom·Equality·Justice engraved in Korean represent the pledge made by the Supreme Court to uphold law and justice.
Statue of Law and Justice (Center Lawn)
Statue of Law and Justice
This formative bronze masterpiece measures six meters in both width and length and stands seven meters tall. Representing the strictness and dignity of law, the outer vertical ring was modeled after the horn and tail of the mythical creature Haitai that symbolizes law and justice of Korea. The inner horizontal ring represents the scale of justice, which symbolizes balancing of law, love and protection.
Harmony - 95 (The Circle Plaza of the Supreme Court)
Harmony - 95
Made of stainless steel, measuring 220 cm by 100 cm and 550 cm, this art piece displays the same forms on each side of its axis, which symbolizes solemn order and the harmony of nature.
219 Seocho-ro,Seocho-gu,Seoul 06590,Republic of Korea 02-3480-1100